Übersetzung für 'curling' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und viele weitere Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Curling [ˈkʰɜːlɪŋ] ist eine auf dem Eis gespielte Wintersportart, die dem Eisstockschießen . Schottland, die gegründet wurde. In Deutschland agiert der Deutsche Curling Verband mit Sitz in München als oberster Verband. Übersetzung für 'curling' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache.
Defending champion Brad Gushue is off to a strong start at the Tour Challenge. Gushue downed Toronto's John Epping in Wednesday's evening draw to move to at the third stop on the Grand Slam of Curling circuit.
Take a look at all the results from this past weekend in the curling world with TSN. The good news for curling is new rinks are opening. The bad news is even more are closing.
The national men's curling championship will be held Feb. Anna Hasselborg scored three points in the eighth end to lift her Swedish rink to an victory over Ottawa's Rachel Homan during Sunday's Canadian Beef Masters women's final.
The national women's curling championship will return to Moose Jaw, Sask. The experimenting is over for curling's five-rock rule.
From the clubs to the world championships, curlers are adapting to the newest wrinkle in the sport this season.
All You Need Is Internet. The sweepers themselves are responsible for judging the weight of the stone, ensuring the length of travel is correct and communicating the weight of the stone back to the skip.
Some teams use stopwatch timing, from back line to the nearest hog line as a sweeping aid. Many teams use the Number System to communicate in which of 10 playable zones it is estimated the stone will stop.
Usually, the two sweepers will be on opposite sides of the stone's path, although depending on which side the sweepers' strengths lie this may not always be the case.
Speed and pressure are vital to sweeping. In gripping the broom, one hand should be one third of the way from the top non-brush end of the handle while the other hand should be one third of the way from the head of the broom.
The angle of the broom to the ice should be so that the most force possible can be exerted on the ice.
The precise amount of pressure may vary from relatively light brushing "just cleaning" - to ensure debris will not alter the stone's path to maximum-pressure scrubbing.
Sweeping is allowed anywhere on the ice up to the tee line , as long as it is only for one's own team stones. Once the leading edge of a team stone crosses the tee line only one player may sweep it.
Additionally, when a stone crosses the tee line, one player from the other team is allowed to sweep it.
This is the only case that a stone may be swept by an opposing team member. In international rules, this player must be the skip; or if the skip is throwing, then the sweeping player must be the third.
Occasionally, players may accidentally touch a stone with their broom or a body part. This is often referred to as burning a stone.
Players touching a stone in such a manner are expected to call their own infraction as a matter of good sportsmanship. Touching a stationary stone when no stones are in motion there is no delivery in progress is not an infraction unless the stationary stone is struck in such a manner that its position is altered , and is a common way for the skip to indicate a stone that is to be taken out.
When a stone is touched when stones are in play, the remedies vary   between placing the stones as they end up after the touch, replacing the stones as they would have been if no stone were touched, or removal of the touched stone from play.
In non-officiated league play, the skip of the non-offending team has the final say on where the stones are placed after the infraction.
Many different types of shots are used to carefully place stones for strategic or tactical reasons; they fall into three fundamental categories as follows:.
Guards are thrown in front of the house in the free guard zone , usually to protect the shot-rock the stone closest to the button at the time or to make the opposing team's shot difficult.
Guard shots include the centre-guard , on the centreline and the corner-guards to the left or right sides of the centre line. See Free Guard Zone below.
Draws are thrown only to reach the house. Draw shots include raise and angle-raise , come-around , and freeze shots.
Takeouts are intended to remove stones from play and include the peel , hit-and-roll and double shots. For a more complete listing, see Glossary of curling terms.
Until five stones have been played three from the side without hammer, and two from the side with hammer , stones in the free guard zone stones left in the area between the hog and tee lines, excluding the house may not be removed by an opponent's stone, although they can be moved as long as they are not taken out of play.
These are known as guard rocks. If a guard rock is removed under this rule, it is placed back in the positions it was in before the shot was thrown, and the opponent's stone is removed from play and cannot be replayed.
This rule is known as the five-rock rule or the free guard zone rule previous versions of the free guard zone rule only limited removing guards from play in the first three or four rocks, known as the "three-rock rule" and "four-rock rule" respectively.
This rule, a relatively recent addition to curling, was added in response to a strategy of "peeling" opponents' guard stones knocking them out of play at an angle that caused the shooter's stone to also roll out of play, leaving no stones on the ice.
A team in the lead would often employ this strategy during the game. By knocking all stones out, the opponents could at best score one point if they had the hammer.
Alternatively, the team with the hammer could peel rock after rock, which would blank the end, keeping the last rock advantage for another end. This strategy had developed mostly in Canada as ice-makers had become skilled at creating a predictable ice surface and the adoption of brushes allowed greater control over the rock.
While a sound strategy, this made for an unexciting game. Observers at the time noted that if two teams equally skilled in the peel game faced each other on good ice, the outcome of the game would be predictable from who won the coin flip to have last rock or had earned it in the schedule at the beginning of the game.
The Brier was considered by many curling fans as boring to watch because of the amount of peeling and the quick adoption of the Free Guard Zone the following year reflected how disliked this aspect of the game had become.
The free guard zone was originally called the Modified Moncton Rule and was developed from a suggestion made by Russ Howard for the Moncton cashspiel with the richest prize ever awarded at the time in a tournament in Moncton , New Brunswick , in January This method of play was altered by restricting the area in which a stone was protected to the free guard zone only for the first four rocks thrown and adopted as a Four-rock Free Guard Zone for international competition shortly after.
Canada kept to the traditional rules until a three-rock Free Guard Zone rule was adopted for the —94 season.
After several years of having the three-rock rule used for the Canadian championships and the winners then having to adjust to the four-rock rule in the World Championships, the Canadian Curling Association adopted the four-rock Free Guard Zone in the — season.
One strategy that has been developed by curlers in response to the Free Guard Zone Kevin Martin from Alberta is one of the best examples is the "tick" game, where a shot is made attempting to knock tick the guard to the side, far enough that it is difficult or impossible to use but still remaining in play while the shot itself goes out of play.
The effect is functionally identical to peeling the guard but significantly harder, as a shot that hits the guard too hard knocking it out of play results in its being replaced, while not hitting it hard enough can result in its still being tactically useful for the opposition.
There is also a greater chance that the shot will miss the guard entirely because of the greater accuracy required to make the shot. Because of the difficulty of making this type of shot, only the best teams will normally attempt it, and it does not dominate the game the way the peel formerly did.
Steve Gould from Manitoba popularized ticks played across the face. These are easier to make because they impart less speed on the object stone, therefore increasing the chance that it remains in play even if a bigger chunk of it is hit.
With the tick shot reducing the effectiveness of the four-rock rule, the Grand Slam of Curling series of bonspiels adopted a five-rock rule in Last-rock or last-stone advantage in an end is called the hammer.
Before the game, teams typically decide who gets the hammer in the first end either by chance such as a coin toss , by a "draw-to-the-button" contest, where a representative of each team shoots to see who gets closer to the centre of the rings, or, particularly in tournament settings like the Winter Olympics, by a comparison of each team's win-loss record.
In all subsequent ends, the hammer belongs to the team that did not score in the preceding end. In the event that neither team scores, the hammer remains with the same team.
Naturally, it is easier to score points with the hammer than without; in tournament play, the team with the hammer generally tries to score two or more points.
If only one point is possible, the skip will often try to avoid scoring at all in order to retain the hammer until the next end, when two or more points may lie.
This is called a blank end. Scoring without the hammer is commonly referred to as stealing , or a steal , and is much more difficult. Curling is a game of strategy, tactics and skill.
The strategy depends on the team's skill, the opponent's skill, the conditions of the ice, the score of the game, how many ends remain and whether the team has last-stone advantage the hammer.
A team may play an end aggressively or defensively. Aggressive playing will put a lot of stones in play by throwing mostly draws; this makes for an exciting game and is very risky but the reward can be very great.
Defensive playing will throw a lot of hits preventing a lot of stones in play; this tends to be less exciting and less risky. A good drawing team will usually opt to play aggressively, while a good hitting team will opt to play defensively.
If a team does not have the hammer in an end, it will opt to try to clog up the four-foot zone in the house to deny the opposing team access to the button.
This can be done by throwing "centre line" guards in front of the house on the centre line, which can be tapped into the house later or drawn around.
If a team has the hammer, they will try to keep this four-foot zone free so that they have access to the button area at all times.
A team with the hammer may throw a corner guard as their first stone of an end placed in front of the house but outside the four-foot zone to utilize the free guard zone.
Corner guards are key for a team to score two points in an end, because they can either draw around it later or hit and roll behind it, making the opposing team's shot to remove it more difficult.
Ideally, the strategy in an end for a team with the hammer is to score two points or more. Scoring one point is often a wasted opportunity, as they will then lose last-rock advantage for the next end.
If a team cannot score two points, they will often attempt to "blank an end" by removing any leftover opposition rocks and rolling out; or, if there are no opposition rocks, just throwing the rock through the house so that no team scores any points, and the team with the hammer can try again the next end to score two or more with it.
Generally, a team without the hammer would want to either force the team with the hammer to only one point so that they can get the hammer back or "steal" the end by scoring one or more points of their own.
Generally, the larger the lead a team will have in a game, the more defensively they should play. By hitting all of the opponent's stones, it removes opportunities for their getting multiple points, therefore defending the lead.
If the leading team is quite comfortable, leaving their own stones in play can also be dangerous.
Guards can be drawn around by the other team, and stones in the house can be tapped back if they are in front of the tee line or frozen onto if they are behind the tee line.
A frozen stone is difficult to remove, because it is "frozen" in front of and touching to the opponents stone. At this point, a team will opt for "peels", meaning that the stones they throw will be to not only hit their opposition stones, but to roll out of play as well.
Peels are hits that are thrown with the most amount of power. It is not uncommon at any level for a losing team to terminate the match before all ends are completed if it believes it no longer has a realistic chance of winning.
Competitive games end once the losing team has "run out of rocks"—that is, once it has fewer stones in play and available for play than the number of points needed to tie the game.
Most decisions about rules are left to the skips, although in official tournaments, decisions may be left to the officials.
However, all scoring disputes are handled by the vice skip. No players other than the vice skip from each team should be in the house while score is being determined.
In tournament play, the most frequent circumstance in which a decision has to be made by someone other than the vice skip is the failure of the vice skips to agree on which stone is closest to the button.
An independent official supervisor at Canadian and World championships then measures the distances using a specially designed device that pivots at the centre of the button.
When no independent officials are available, the vice skips measure the distances. The winner is the team having the highest number of accumulated points at the completion of ten ends.
Points are scored at the conclusion of each of these ends as follows: Only stones that are in the house are considered in the scoring.
A stone is in the house if it lies within the foot 3. Since the bottom of the stone is rounded, a stone just barely in the house will not have any actual contact with the ring, which will pass under the rounded edge of the stone, but it still counts.
This type of stone is known as a biter. It may not be obvious to the eye which of two rocks is closer to the button centre or if a rock is actually biting or not.
There are specialized devices to make these determinations, but these cannot be brought out until after an end is completed.
Therefore, a team may make strategic decisions during an end based on assumptions of rock position that turn out to be incorrect. The score is marked on a scoreboard , of which there are two types; the baseball type and the club scoreboard.
The baseball-style scoreboard was created for televised games for audiences not familiar with the club scoreboard. The ends are marked by columns 1 through 10 or 11 for the possibility of an extra end to break ties plus an additional column for the total.
Below this are two rows, one for each team, containing the team's score for that end and their total score in the right hand column.
The club scoreboard is traditional and used in most curling clubs. Scoring on this board only requires the use of up to 11 digit cards, whereas with baseball-type scoring an unknown number of multiples of the digits especially low digits like 1 may be needed.
The numbered centre row represents all possible accumulated scores, and the numbers placed in the team rows represent the end in which that team achieved that cumulative score.
If the red team scores three points in the first end called a three-ender , then a 1 indicating the first end is placed beside the number 3 in the red row.
This scoreboard works because only one team can get points in an end. However, some confusion may arise if neither team scores points in an end, this is called a blank end.
The blank end numbers are usually listed in the farthest column on the right in the row of the team that has the hammer last rock advantage , or on a special spot for blank ends.
The following example illustrates the difference between the two types. The example illustrates the men's final at the Winter Olympics.
Eight points — all the rocks thrown by one team counting — is the highest score possible in an end, and is known as an " eight-ender " or "snowman".
Scoring an eight-ender against a relatively competent team is very difficult; in curling, it is considered the equivalent of pitching a perfect game in baseball.
Probably the best-known snowman came at the Players' Championships. Competition teams are normally named after the skip, for example, Team Martin after skip Kevin Martin.
Amateur league players can and do creatively name their teams, but when in competition a bonspiel the official team will have a standard name.
Top curling championships are typically played by all-male or all-female teams. It is known as mixed curling when a team consists of two men and two women.
For many years, in the absence of world championship or Olympic mixed curling events, national championships of which the Canadian Mixed Curling Championship was the most prominent were the highest-level mixed curling competitions.
A mixed tournament was held at the Olympic level for the first time in , although it was a doubles tournament, not a four-person. Curling tournaments may use the Schenkel system for determining the participants in matches.
Curling is played in many countries, including Canada, the United Kingdom especially Scotland , the United States, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland and Japan, all of which compete in the world championships.
Curling has been depicted by many artists including: Curling is particularly popular in Canada. Improvements in ice making and changes in the rules to increase scoring and promote complex strategy have increased the already high popularity of the sport in Canada, and large television audiences watch annual curling telecasts, especially the Scotties Tournament of Hearts the national championship for women , the Tim Hortons Brier the national championship for men , and the women's and men's world championships.
Despite the Canadian province of Manitoba 's small population ranked 5th of 10 Canadian provinces , Manitoban teams have won the Brier more times than teams from any other province.
The Tournament of Hearts and the Brier are contested by provincial and territorial champions, and the world championships by national champions.
Curling is the provincial sport of Saskatchewan. From there Ernie Richardson and his family team dominated Canadian and international curling during the late s and early s and have been considered to be the best male curlers of all time.
When she died two years later from cancer , over 15, people attended her funeral, and it was broadcast on national television. More so than in many other team sports, good sportsmanship, often referred to as the "Spirit of Curling", is an integral part of curling.
In the United States there was even a theology of curling. The Spirit of Curling also leads teams to congratulate their opponents for making a good shot, strong sweeping or spectacular form.
Perhaps most importantly, the Spirit of Curling dictates that one never cheers mistakes, misses or gaffes by one's opponent unlike most team sports and one should not celebrate one's own good shots during the game beyond modest acknowledgement of the shot such as a head nod, fist bump or thumbs-up gesture.
Modest congratulation, however, may be exchanged between winning team members after the match. On-the-ice celebration is usually reserved for the winners of a major tournament after winning the final game of the championship.
It is completely unacceptable to attempt to throw opposing players off their game by way of negative comment, distraction or heckling.
A match traditionally begins with players shaking hands with and saying "good curling" or "have a pleasant game" to each member of the opposing team.
It is also traditional in some areas for the winning team to buy the losing team a drink after the game. It is not uncommon for a team to concede a curling match after it believes it no longer has any hope of winning.
Concession is an honourable act and does not carry the stigma associated with quitting, and also allows for more socializing.
To concede a match, members of the losing team offer congratulatory handshakes to the winning team. Thanks, wishes of future good luck and hugs are usually exchanged between the teams.
To continue playing when a team has no realistic chance of winning can be seen as a breach of etiquette. Curling has been adapted for wheelchair users and people otherwise unable to throw the stone from the hack.
These curlers may use a device known as a "delivery stick". The cue holds on to the handle of the stone and is then pushed along by the curler.
At the end of delivery, the curler pulls back on the cue, which releases it from the stone. The delivery stick was specifically invented for elderly curlers in Canada in The ice in the game may be fast keen or slow.
If the ice is keen, a rock will travel farther with a given amount of weight throwing force on it. The speed of the ice is measured in seconds.
One such measure, known as "hog-to-hog" time, is the speed of the stone and is the time in seconds the rock takes from the moment it crosses the near hog line until it crosses the far hog line.
If this number is lower, the rock is moving faster, so again low numbers mean more speed. The ice in a match will be somewhat consistent and thus this measure of speed can also be used to measure how far down the ice the rock will travel.
Once it is determined that a rock taking for example 13 seconds to go from hog line to hog line will stop on the tee line, the curler can know that if the hog-to-hog time is matched by a future stone, that stone will likely stop at approximately the same location.
As an example, on keen ice, common times might be 16 seconds for guards, 14 seconds for draws, and 8 seconds for peel weight.
The back line to hog line speed is used principally by sweepers to get an initial sense of the weight of a stone. As an example, on keen ice, common times might be 4.
Especially at the club level, this metric can be misleading, due to amateurs sometimes pushing stones on release, causing the stone to travel faster than the back-to-hog speed.
Curling is featured prominently in " Boy Meets Curl ", the twelfth episode of the comedy series The Simpsons ' twenty-first season.
The episode aired on the Fox network in the United States on 14 February Men with Brooms is a Canadian film that takes a satirical look at curling.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Curling rink. This article is about the sport. For other uses, see Curling disambiguation.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Curling games taking place during the Tim Hortons Brier.
First event in retroactively made official in Demonstration sport in , and Officially added in Curling at the Winter Olympics. The curling stone or rock is made of granite.
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This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. For an extensive glossary of terminology, see Glossary of curling.
List of curling clubs. Paul, Minnesota — Founded in Club with largest active membership in the United States over members.
Scotland portal Sport portal Olympics portal. Archived from the original on 2 March Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 4 August Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 10 October Archived from the original on 15 May Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 14 October Retrieved 15 February Retrieved 14 February Scotland and the Flemish People.
University of St Andrews. Retrieved 16 February The History of Curling: Archived from the original on 7 March Archived from the original on 5 February Retrieved 7 May Wisconsin Historical Society in Lodi.
Essay on curling, and artificial pond making. Kirkintilloch, town and parish. Retrieved 13 October The Poetical Works of David Gray.
Retrieved 11 August National Library of Scotland.